Aarohi Doshi and Mugdha Shivapurkar
Expressive arts therapy is the practice of using imagery, storytelling, dance, music, drama, poetry, movement, and visual arts together, in an integrated way, to foster human growth, development, and healing.
Expressive art therapy can also aid a child in achieving better self-awareness, relief from stress or anxiety, learning disorders, autism, and other traumatic experiences.
The Art Forms
Capoeira is a Brazilian martial art that combines elements of dance, acrobatics and music, and is sometimes referred to as a game.
It is known for quick and complex moves, using mainly power, speed, and leverage for a wide variety of kicks, spins, and highly mobile techniques.
Drumming, which is essentially rhythmic striking on a percussion instrument, is a recreational activity widely known to many cultures.
Drum therapy is an ancient approach that uses rhythm to promote healing and self-expression.
Samba is a lively, rhythmical dance of Afro Brazilian origin. There is actually a set of dances, rather than a single dance, that define the Samba dancing scene in Brazil.
Dance Therapy: Dance/movement therapy (DMT) is the psychotherapeutic use of movement and dance to support intellectual, emotional, and motor functions of the body. As a form of expressive therapy, DMT looks at the correlation between movement and emotion.
Story Telling: Storytelling is the conveying of events in words, sound and/or images, often by improvisation or elaboration. Stories or narratives have been shared in every culture as a means of entertainment, education, cultural preservation and instilling moral values.
Significance and Rationale:
This research brings to light the positive changes as a result of Art Based Intervention on the TFI children. This research helps to understand the importance of ABT and its effects on adolescents. It was a process to production
Review of Literature
Expressive arts have long been used with children to promote psychological health and social support. They offer children “a way to express their feelings, perceptions, thoughts, and memories in ways that words cannot” (Malchiodi, 2005, p. 9).
Studies indicate that expressive arts assist healing from childhood trauma and aid in overall mental health “by providing opportunities to share experiences in an empathic environment through symbolically expressing emotions in a concrete way” (Smilen, 2009, p. 381).
The main purpose of this research was to investigate the positive changes that occur as a result of an Art based intervention on social behavior, cognitive factors and self-awareness among children.
Independent Variable: Art Based Therapy
Dependent Variables: Social behaviour, Cognitive factors, Self-awareness
Hypothesis: There is a positive change as a result of an Art Based Intervention on social behavior, cognitive factors and self-awareness among children
Results and observation
The results were computed by the means of using the frequencies of the 25 sub-domains and a graphical representation was used to represent the results. They were marked Low, Medium, or High on each dimensions. The numerical values for the same are:
The three domains that were studied included Social Behavior, Cognitive Factors and Self Awareness. The analysis for each of their sub-domains was calculated.
Listening Skills: There is a significant increase seen in Session 10. There has been a constant increase and decrease in the levels until the 22nd session. A stable increase has been seen in after the 22nd session.
Motivation and Interest: There is a significant increase seen in Session 11 and in the 13th session. There has been a constant increase and decrease in the levels until the 22nd session. A stable increase has been seen in after the 22nd session.
Participation: There is a significant decrease seen in Session 4. There has been a constant increase and decrease in the levels until the 18th session. A stable increase has been seen in after the 18th session.
Art forms and their Objectives:
|Capoeira||Awareness of each other, participation, strength, stamina, channelizing energy creatively|
|Samba||Response to structured movement, imitation skills, spatial awareness|
|Drumming||Listening skills, rhythm synchrony, energy, Group Co-ordination|
|Story Telling||Social Interaction, verbal articulation, co-operation|
|Dance Therapy||Improvization skills, creativity, Eye contact, Body language, Range of Movement, physical contact.|
|Performance||Memory and sequencing, Group Focus, Response to instruction, Adaptability, Leadership|
- Interest, Compulsion and Participation
- Compliance was their first priority
- Happiness was a pre-dominant factor
- Age as a major factor
- Social Desirability
- Choice of activities: Preference to music, stunts, adrenaline.
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